By Philomen Probert
The accessory of many Greek phrases has lengthy been thought of arbitrary, yet Philomen Probert issues to a few awesome correlations among accentuation and a word's synchronic morphological transparency, and among accentuation and observe frequency, that provide clues to the prehistory of the accessory process. Bringing jointly comparative facts for the Indo-European accentuation of the appropriate different types with fresh insights into the results that lack of transparency and observe frequency have on language switch, Probert makes use of the synchronically observable correlations to bridge the distance among the accentuation styles reconstructable for Indo-European and people at once attested for Greek from the Hellenistic interval onwards.
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Extra info for Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory (Oxford Classical Monographs)
We shall consider in the next section the development of a grammatical tradition relating to accents, with a system of three signs for accents and an adequate terminology, but for most purposes Greek continued to be written without accent marks until the Middle Ages. Outside the grammatical tradition in a fairly narrow sense, we continue to Wnd comments on accents that recognize the same discrepancy between speech and writing as we have encountered for the classical period. In the second century ad Galen (18(2).
The second and longer part of this book is devoted more directly to questions of the sort that I began by promising to discuss. These questions relate to the prehistory of the patterns of accentuation found in nouns and adjectives with the thematic, or second-declension, suYxes -æï-; -ôï-; -íï-; -ºï-, and -ìï-. For words with each suYx some accentual rules of thumb may be stated. For example, words formed with the suYx -æï- are most often accented on the -æï- (as ºØªıæüò ‘shrill’). But, as in the case of English words with -ic, this generalization has some exceptions (such as ¼æªıæïò ‘silver’).
The term ‘pitch accent’ is also sometimes given a diVerent sense from its traditional one. Bolinger (1958) Wrst used it to describe a pitch change associated with the phonetic prominence of a syllable, whether or not the language involved was traditionally termed a ‘pitch accent language’. As Ladd (1996: 46) says, this sense of the term is ‘now in general use’ (among linguists working on intonation). The term ‘pitch accent’ does not occur often in this book, but where it occurs it has its traditional sense (the implications of which are discussed on pp.
Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory (Oxford Classical Monographs) by Philomen Probert