Download PDF by Leonard Nelson (auth.): A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

By Leonard Nelson (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3319207822

ISBN-13: 9783319207827

ISBN-10: 3319207830

ISBN-13: 9783319207834

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this booklet provides the main special account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated by way of many luminaries equivalent to Karl Popper. It used to be written in 1921 towards the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic trends of Nelson’s time. The e-book comprises an exposition of a style that could be a additional improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, by means of an program to the serious research of arguments through many recognized thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The publication offers a common conception of philosophical argumentation as noticeable from the perspective of the common fallacies dedicated via anyone arguing philosophically, even if specialist philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even supposing the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is without doubt one of the such a lot recurrent gadgets of mirrored image for philosophers, this booklet represents the 1st try out at a normal concept of philosophical fallacy. in response to Nelson, it truly is within the form of fake dilemmas that blunders in reasoning constantly emerge, and fake dilemmas are continuously the results of an analogous mechanism--the unwitting substitute of 1 suggestion for another.

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It does not commend this way of doing philosophy, for anyone who contributes to culture, anyone for whom that word ‘culture’ is important, uses the word sparingly. The more the word ‘culture’ is used, the more certain a critical onlooker can be that a considerable amount of real culture is missing. Missing here is precisely what I previously termed the shortcoming of this way of doing philosophy—that it lacks all connection with work. Culture itself, namely, revolves around work and is always to be found wherever there is solid work.

The essential tension. Chicago: University Press. Nelson, Leonard. 1917. Kritik der praktischen Vernunft [Critique of practical reason]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht [Reprinted in Nelson (1971–1977), vol. IV]. Nelson, Leonard. 1921. Spuk—Einweihung in das Geheimnis der Wahrsagerkunst Oswald Spenglers, und sonnenklarer Beweis der Unwiderleglichkeit seiner Weissagungen, nebst Beiträgen zur Physiognomik des Zeitgeistes: Eine Pfingstgabe für alle Adepte des metaphysischen Schauens [Phantoms—Initiation to the secrets of Oswald Spengler’s art of prophecy, plus some contributions to the physiognomy of the spirit of the times: A pentecostal gift for all fans of metaphysical intuition].

The increase in the pleasure that one person achieves is at the cost of the pleasure of others in society. The question is: how are we to apply that ethical principle in such cases? According to the principle we would be commanded to increase our own pleasure at the cost of others in all cases of conflict. But that cannot be an ethical command, for it is considered unethical to pursue our own pleasure at the cost of other members of society. Bentham certainly flinches from rejecting this generally accepted ethical proposition, according to which it is unethical to pursue our own pleasure at the cost of others.

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A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson (auth.)

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