By Matthew D. Hockenos
This e-book heavily examines the turmoil within the German Protestant church buildings within the instant postwar years as they tried to return to phrases with the hot prior. Reeling from the effect of battle, the church buildings addressed the results of cooperation with the regime and the therapy of Jews. In Germany, the Protestant Church consisted of 28 independent neighborhood church buildings. through the Nazi years, those church buildings shaped into quite a few alliances. One staff, the German Christian Church, brazenly aligned itself with the Nazis. the remainder have been carefully against the regime or attempted to stay noncommittal. the inner debates, despite the fact that, concerned each team and founded on problems with trust that have been vital to all. very important theologians equivalent to Karl Barth have been instrumental in urgent those matters ahead. whereas no longer an exhaustive research of Protestantism through the Nazi years, A Church Divided breaks new flooring within the dialogue of accountability, guilt, and the Nazi prior.
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Extra resources for A Church Divided: German Protestants Confront the Nazi Past
For the supporters of Barmen, the traditional interpretation of the Lutheran confessions provided inadequate doctrinal resources to withstand attempts by the German Christians to fuse Christianity and National Socialism. In view of the German Christian heresies, Barth and his followers sought not simply to restore the traditional Lutheran vision but to revise that vision by restricting the church’s proclamation to God’s word alone. They deﬁned the church as the brethren gathered together to profess Jesus Christ as the sole mediator between God and man.
Consequently, the Confessing Church’s leadership council, the Reich council of brethren, split into two distinct leadership bodies; each aimed to implement their interpretation of the mandate given to them at Barmen, or in the case of the Dahlemites, at Barmen and Dahlem. On one side, there was the Council of the German Evangelical Church (Rat der DEK), consisting primarily of Dahlemites who saw no room for compromise with the German Christians or Nazi church policies. On the other side, there was the Provisional Church Directory (Vorläuﬁge Leitung), led by Bishop Marahrens and conservative church leaders primarily from the intact churches.
Theologically, ecclesiastically, and psychologically, Lutherans were sorely unprepared to oppose the state. For many Lutherans, opposition to state interference in church aªairs was a major step, but questioning the legality of the state and its motives, as the letter to Hitler did, was virtually unthinkable. 71 Although the church struggle took on a new dimension that included a struggle between church and state in The Church Struggle | 33 the mid-1930s, the internal church struggle between the various factions continued to dominate the activities of most churchmen.
A Church Divided: German Protestants Confront the Nazi Past by Matthew D. Hockenos